Theology

A Systematic, Living Theology

As I study the Bible I thought it would be useful to keep track of how different doctrines develop over a lifetime of study. The best place to do that is on a Wiki where every change you make is cataloged. As I dig further and further into the Bible, we will be able to see how these beliefs develop. Feel free to post comments in the forum or send me a personal e-mail at philip - at - dearmore . net (putting that in the usual e-mail format).

Under consideration in this work of systematic theology thus far: I Corinthians, Galatians, I, II Thessalonians, and James.

Atonement

Jesus gave Himself for our sins to deliver us from this present evil age (Gal 1:3).

  • who gave Himself for our sins, that He might deliver us from this present evil age, according to the will of our God and Father Gal 1:4 (NKJV)

Charity

  • They desired only that we should remember the poor, the very thing which I also was eager to do. Gal 2:10 (NKJV)
  • Religion that is pure and undefiled before God, the Father, is this: to visit orphans and widows in their affliction, and to keep oneself unstained from the world. (James 1:27)

Church Discipline

There appear to be degrees of church discipline. For example, Paul only had stern words to say for things like gossip and back-biting, but for a guy that was sleeping with his dad's wife he was shocked that he hadn't been kicked out of the congregation (I Cor 5:2).

  • It is actually reported that there is sexual immorality among you, and of a kind that is not tolerated even among pagans, for a man has his father's wife. And you are arrogant! Ought you not rather to mourn? Let him who has done this be removed from among you. (1Co 5:1-2 ESV)

Communion

Communion is a time of remembrance of the Lord's death. Using it as a way of getting drunk and indulging gluttonous behavior, however, is a good way to bring judgment upon yourself, so as you take it, you must examine your motives and make sure you are not taking it in an "unworthy manner."

  • For as often as you eat this bread and drink the cup, you proclaim the Lord's death until he comes. (1Co 11:26 ESV)
  • Whoever, therefore, eats the bread or drinks the cup of the Lord in an unworthy manner will be guilty concerning the body and blood of the Lord. Let a person examine himself, then, and so eat of the bread and drink of the cup. For anyone who eats and drinks without discerning the body eats and drinks judgment on himself. (1Co 11:27-29 ESV)
  • So then, my brothers, when you come together to eat, wait for one another— if anyone is hungry, let him eat at home—so that when you come together it will not be for judgment. (1Co 11:33-34 ESV)

Delusion

I wasn't sure where to put the verses dealing with people who had been given the gospel message, rejected it, and were then given up to "delusions" and their own lustful desires. Here they are:

  • The coming of the lawless one is by the activity of Satan with all power and false signs and wonders, and with all wicked deception for those who are perishing, because they refused to love the truth and so be saved. Therefore God sends them a strong delusion, so that they may believe what is false, in order that all may be condemned who did not believe the truth but had pleasure in unrighteousness. (2 Thessalonians 2:9-12)

Election

  • But when it pleased God, who separated me from my mother's womb and called me through His grace, 16 to reveal His Son in me, that I might preach Him among the Gentiles Gal 1:15-16 (NKJV)
  • For we know, brothers loved by God, that he has chosen you, because our gospel came to you not only in word, but also in power and in the Holy Spirit and with full conviction. You know what kind of men we proved to be among you for your sake. And you became imitators of us and of the Lord, for you received the word in much affliction, with the joy of the Holy Spirit (1 Thessalonians 1:4-6 ESV)
  • But we ought always to give thanks to God for you, brothers beloved by the Lord, because God chose you as the firstfruits to be saved, through sanctification by the Spirit and belief in the truth. To this he called you through our gospel, so that you may obtain the glory of our Lord Jesus Christ. (2 Thessalonians 2:13-14)

Equality

  • whatever they were, it makes no difference to me; God shows personal favoritism to no man Gal 2:6 (NKJV)
  • My brothers, show no partiality as you hold the faith in our Lord Jesus Christ, the Lord of glory. For if a man wearing a gold ring and fine clothing comes into your assembly, and a poor man in shabby clothing also comes in, and if you pay attention to the one who wears the fine clothing and say, "You sit here in a good place," while you say to the poor man, "You stand over there," or, "Sit down at my feet," have you not then made distinctions among yourselves and become judges with evil thoughts? (James 2:1-4)
  • If you really fulfill the royal law according to the Scripture, "You shall love your neighbor as yourself," you are doing well. But if you show partiality, you are committing sin and are convicted by the law as transgressors. (James 2:8-9)

Eschatology

  • Or do you not know that the saints will judge the world? And if the world is to be judged by you, are you incompetent to try trivial cases? Do you not know that we are to judge angels? How much more, then, matters pertaining to this life! (1Co 6:2-3 ESV)
  • Behold! I tell you a mystery. We shall not all sleep, but we shall all be changed, in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet. For the trumpet will sound, and the dead will be raised imperishable, and we shall be changed. (1Co 15:51-52 ESV)
  • For this we declare to you by a word from the Lord, that we who are alive, who are left until the coming of the Lord, will not precede those who have fallen asleep. For the Lord himself will descend from heaven with a cry of command, with the voice of an archangel, and with the sound of the trumpet of God. And the dead in Christ will rise first. Then we who are alive, who are left, will be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air, and so we will always be with the Lord. (1 Thessalonians 4:15-17 ESV)
  • For you yourselves are fully aware that the day of the Lord will come like a thief in the night. While people are saying, "There is peace and security," then sudden destruction will come upon them as labor pains come upon a pregnant woman, and they will not escape. But you are not in darkness, brothers, for that day to surprise you like a thief. (1 Thessalonians 5:2-4 ESV)
  • Let no one deceive you in any way. For that day will not come, unless the rebellion comes first, and the man of lawlessness is revealed, the son of destruction, who opposes and exalts himself against every so-called god or object of worship, so that he takes his seat in the temple of God, proclaiming himself to be God. (2 Thessalonians 2:3-4)

Evangelism

  • You yourselves are our letter of recommendation, written on our hearts, to be known and read by all. And you show that you are a letter from Christ delivered by us, written not with ink but with the Spirit of the living God, not on tablets of stone but on tablets of human hearts. (2Co 3:2-3 ESV)
  • My brothers, if anyone among you wanders from the truth and someone brings him back, let him know that whoever brings back a sinner from his wandering will save his soul from death and will cover a multitude of sins. (James 5:19-20 ESV)
  • And that ye study to be quiet, and to do your own business, and to work with your own hands, as we commanded you; That ye may walk honestly toward them that are without, and that ye may have lack of nothing. (1 Thessalonians 4:11-12 KJV)

Faith

We are justified by faith only, not "works of the law" (Gal 2:16), and as such, we (Jews and Gentiles) are the promised heirs of Abraham's blessing (Gal 3:7-9).

  • knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the law but by faith in Jesus Christ, even we have believed in Christ Jesus, that we might be justified by faith in Christ and not by the works of the law; for by the works of the law no flesh shall be justified. Gal 2:16 (NKJV)
  • I do not set aside the grace of God; for if righteousness comes through the law, then Christ died in vain." Gal 2:21 (NKJV)
  • Therefore know that only those who are of faith are sons of Abraham. 8 And the Scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the Gentiles by faith, preached the gospel to Abraham beforehand, saying, "In you all the nations shall be blessed." 9 So then those who are of faith are blessed with believing Abraham. Gal 3:7-9 (NKJV)
  • For in Christ Jesus neither circumcision nor uncircumcision counts for anything, but only faith working through love. (Galatians 5:6 ESV)
  • Bear one another's burdens, and so fulfill the law of Christ. (Galatians 6:2 ESV)
  • Do not be deceived: God is not mocked, for whatever one sows, that will he also reap. For the one who sows to his own flesh will from the flesh reap corruption, but the one who sows to the Spirit will from the Spirit reap eternal life. And let us not grow weary of doing good, for in due season we will reap, if we do not give up. So then, as we have opportunity, let us do good to everyone, and especially to those who are of the household of faith. (Galatians 6:7-10 ESV)
  • What good is it, my brothers, if someone says he has faith but does not have works? Can that faith save him? (James 2:14 ESV)
  • So also faith by itself, if it does not have works, is dead. (James 2:17 ESV)
  • You see that a person is justified by works and not by faith alone. (James 2:24 ESV)
  • We give thanks to God always for all of you, constantly mentioning you in our prayers, remembering before our God and Father your work of faith and labor of love and steadfastness of hope in our Lord Jesus Christ. (1 Thessalonians 1:2-3 ESV)

Gifts

  • To each is given the manifestation of the Spirit for the common good. (1Co 12:7 ESV)

Glorification

  • Or do you not know that the saints will judge the world? And if the world is to be judged by you, are you incompetent to try trivial cases? (1Co 6:2 ESV)

Gospel, The

We know from the book of Galatians that the Gospel message can be perverted by some (1:8), and if it is, it is no longer the true Gospel and unable to transform lives-it is in vain (Gal 3:4). The specifics of the perverted gospel that was being preached to the Galatians were mixing works and grace.

The essence of the gospel is the message of Christ's crucifixion (Gal 3:1). This message must be kept completely pure (Gal 5:9).

Before the gospel was fully revealed, men were justified by faith in God's promises (Gal 3:6), the central promise of which was, "In [Abraham] all the nations shall be blessed." (Gal 3:8)

  • For I delivered unto you first of all that which I also received, how that Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures; And that he was buried, and that he rose again the third day according to the Scriptures: And that he was seen of Cephas, then of the twelve: (1Co 15:3-5 KJV)
  • But even if we, or an angel from heaven, preach any other gospel to you than what we have preached to you, let him be accursed. Gal 1:8 (NKJV)
  • but there are some who trouble you and want to pervert the gospel of Christ. Gal 1:7 (NKJV)
  • But I make known to you, brethren, that the gospel which was preached by me is not according to man. For I neither received it from man, nor was I taught it, but it came through the revelation of Jesus Christ. Gal 1:11-12 (NKJV)
  • Who has bewitched you that you should not obey the truth, before whose eyes Jesus Christ was clearly portrayed among you as crucified? Gal 3:1 (NKJV)
  • just as Abraham "believed God, and it was accounted to him for righteousness." Gal 3:6 (NKJV)
  • And the Scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the Gentiles by faith, preached the gospel beforehand to Abraham, saying, "In you shall all the nations be blessed." (Gal 3:8 ESV)
  • A little leaven leavens the whole lump. (Galatians 5:9 ESV)

Hell

  • They will suffer the punishment of eternal destruction, away from the presence of the Lord and from the glory of his might, (2 Thessalonians 1:9)

Judgmentalism

Paul tells us not to try to gauge people's spirituality, even our own, especially by comparing ourselves to fellow Christians. Doing such only causes us to be filled with pride, or to respect certain people over others.

  • But with me it is a very small thing that I should be judged by you or by any human court. In fact, I do not even judge myself. For I am not aware of anything against myself, but I am not thereby acquitted. It is the Lord who judges me. (1Co 4:3-4 ESV)
  • Therefore do not pronounce judgment before the time, before the Lord comes, who will bring to light the things now hidden in darkness and will disclose the purposes of the heart. Then each one will receive his commendation from God. I have applied all these things to myself and Apollos for your benefit, brothers, that you may learn by us not to go beyond what is written, that none of you may be puffed up in favor of one against another. (1Co 4:5-6 ESV)

Justification

Through the justification in Christ, we were once sinners, but now have a new identity (1 Cor 6:11).

  • And such were some of you. But you were washed, you were sanctified, you were justified in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ and by the Spirit of our God. (1Co 6:11 ESV)
  • knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the law but by faith in Jesus Christ, even we have believed in Christ Jesus, that we might be justified by faith in Christ and not by the works of the law; for by the works of the law no flesh shall be justified. Gal 2:16 (NKJV)
  • Now it is evident that no one is justified before God by the law, for "The righteous shall live by faith." Gal 3:11 ESV
  • For God has not destined us for wrath, but to obtain salvation through our Lord Jesus Christ, who died for us so that whether we are awake or asleep we might live with him. (1 Thessalonians 5:9-10 ESV)

Justice

  • since indeed God considers it just to repay with affliction those who afflict you, and to grant relief to you who are afflicted as well as to us, when the Lord Jesus is revealed from heaven with his mighty angels in flaming fire, inflicting vengeance on those who do not know God and on those who do not obey the gospel of our Lord Jesus. (2 Thessalonians 1:6-8)

Kingdom, The

  • For you know how, like a father with his children, we exhorted each one of you and encouraged you and charged you to walk in a manner worthy of God, who calls you into his own kingdom and glory. (1 Thessalonians 2:11-12 ESV)

Law, The

The Mosaic Law, although never having the power to save people was nevertheless a very real system of works, rules, and sacrifices that man was expected to obey to stay in fellowship with God. However, it was also impossible to successfully live all the time, which made it a good "school-master" to teach us about our total need for God. Unfortunately, by the time Jesus came on the scene, a class of people had arisen that had developed a science of following the letter of the Law and yet missing the whole point of it, despite repeated attempts at correction first from the Scriptures themselves that these people claimed to be experts in, then from John the Baptist, and then from Jesus. Luckily, the rule of the Law was done away with at the completion of Jesus' work, and we are left with only the true essence of it, "Love the Lord your God," and "Love your neighbor as yourself."

Although trying to make people submit to Mosaic law is not a common tactic in modern Western society (or in Christianity in general), the Law is based on the "weak and worthless elementary principles of the world" (Gal 4:3, 4:9) which say that by keeping to the rules are how you earn fellowship with God.

  • Owe no one anything, except to love each other, for the one who loves another has fulfilled the law. 9For the commandments, "You shall not commit adultery, You shall not murder, You shall not steal, You shall not covet," and any other commandment, are summed up in this word: "You shall love your neighbor as yourself." 10Love does no wrong to a neighbor; therefore love is the fulfilling of the law. (Rom 13:8-10 ESV)
  • Not that we are sufficient in ourselves to claim anything as coming from us, but our sufficiency is from God, who has made us competent to be ministers of a new covenant, not of the letter but of the Spirit. For the letter kills, but the Spirit gives life. (2Co 3:5-6 ESV)
  • For all who rely on works of the law are under a curse; for it is written, "Cursed be everyone who does not abide by all things written in the Book of the Law, and do them." (Gal 3:10 ESV)
  • Therefore the law was our tutor to bring us to Christ, that we might be justified by faith. 25 But after faith has come, we are no longer under a tutor. Gal 3:24-25 (NKJV)
  • In the same way we also, when we were children, were enslaved to the elementary principles of the world. (Galatians 4:3 ESV)
  • But now that you have come to know God, or rather to be known by God, how can you turn back again to the weak and worthless elementary principles of the world, whose slaves you want to be once more? Gal 4:9
  • If with Christ you died to the elemental spirits of the world, why, as if you were still alive in the world, do you submit to regulations— (Colossians 2:20 ESV)
  • For freedom Christ has set us free; stand firm therefore, and do not submit again to a yoke of slavery. (Galatians 5:1 ESV)
  • I testify again to every man who accepts circumcision that he is obligated to keep the whole law. (Galatians 5:3 ESV)
  • You are severed from Christ, you who would be justified by the law; you have fallen away from grace. (Galatians 5:4 ESV)

Liberty

  • Food will not commend us to God. We are no worse off if we do not eat, and no better off if we do. (1Co 8:8 ESV)
  • Therefore, if food makes my brother stumble, I will never eat meat, lest I make my brother stumble. (1Co 8:13 ESV)
  • Thus, sinning against your brothers and wounding their conscience when it is weak, you sin against Christ. (1Co 8:12 ESV)
  • "All things are lawful," but not all things are helpful. "All things are lawful," but not all things build up. Let no one seek his own good, but the good of his neighbor. Eat whatever is sold in the meat market without raising any question on the ground of conscience. For "the earth is the Lord's, and the fullness thereof." (1Co 10:23-26 ESV)
  • I do not mean your conscience, but his. For why should my liberty be determined by someone else's conscience? (1Co 10:29 ESV)
  • For you were called to freedom, brothers. Only do not use your freedom as an opportunity for the flesh, but through love serve one another. (Galatians 5:13 ESV)
  • But I say, walk by the Spirit, and you will not gratify the desires of the flesh. For the desires of the flesh are against the Spirit, and the desires of the Spirit are against the flesh, for these are opposed to each other, to keep you from doing the things you want to do. But if you are led by the Spirit, you are not under the law. (Galatians 5:16-18 ESV)
  • So speak and so act as those who are to be judged under the law of liberty. (James 2:12 ESV)

Love

  • Owe no one anything, except to love each other, for the one who loves another has fulfilled the law. 9For the commandments, "You shall not commit adultery, You shall not murder, You shall not steal, You shall not covet," and any other commandment, are summed up in this word: "You shall love your neighbor as yourself." 10Love does no wrong to a neighbor; therefore love is the fulfilling of the law. (Rom 13:8-10 ESV)
  • If I speak in the tongues of men and of angels, but have not love, I am a noisy gong or a clanging cymbal. And if I have prophetic powers, and understand all mysteries and all knowledge, and if I have all faith, so as to remove mountains, but have not love, I am nothing. (1Co 13:1-2 ESV)
  • Love is patient and kind; love does not envy or boast; it is not arrogant or rude. It does not insist on its own way; it is not irritable or resentful; it does not rejoice at wrongdoing, but rejoices with the truth. Love bears all things, believes all things, hopes all things, endures all things. Love never ends… (1Co 13:4-8 ESV)
  • So now faith, hope, and love abide, these three; but the greatest of these is love. (1Co 13:13 ESV)
  • If you really fulfill the royal law according to the Scripture, "You shall love your neighbor as yourself," you are doing well. But if you show partiality, you are committing sin and are convicted by the law as transgressors. (James 2:8-9 ESV)
  • Do not speak evil against one another, brothers. The one who speaks against a brother or judges his brother, speaks evil against the law and judges the law. But if you judge the law, you are not a doer of the law but a judge. (James 4:11 ESV)
  • There is only one lawgiver and judge, he who is able to save and to destroy. But who are you to judge your neighbor? (James 4:12 ESV)
  • Now may our God and Father himself, and our Lord Jesus, direct our way to you, and may the Lord make you increase and abound in love for one another and for all, as we do for you, so that he may establish your hearts blameless in holiness before our God and Father, at the coming of our Lord Jesus with all his saints. (1 Thessalonians 3:11-13 ESV)
  • We ought always to give thanks to God for you, brothers, as is right, because your faith is growing abundantly, and the love of every one of you for one another is increasing. (2 Thessalonians 1:3)

Lord's Supper, The (See Communion)

Marriage

  • Now concerning the matters about which you wrote: "It is good for a man not to have sexual relations with a woman." But because of the temptation to sexual immorality, each man should have his own wife and each woman her own husband. The husband should give to his wife her conjugal rights, and likewise the wife to her husband. For the wife does not have authority over her own body, but the husband does. Likewise the husband does not have authority over his own body, but the wife does. Do not deprive one another, except perhaps by agreement for a limited time, that you may devote yourselves to prayer; but then come together again, so that Satan may not tempt you because of your lack of self-control. (1Co 7:1-5 ESV)

Perfection

  • who will sustain you to the end, guiltless in the day of our Lord Jesus Christ. (1Co 1:8 ESV)
  • And we all, with unveiled face, beholding the glory of the Lord, are being transformed into the same image from one degree of glory to another. For this comes from the Lord who is the Spirit. (2Co 3:18 ESV)
  • For we all stumble in many ways. And if anyone does not stumble in what he says, he is a perfect man, able also to bridle his whole body. (James 3:2 ESV)
  • Now may the God of peace himself sanctify you completely, and may your whole spirit and soul and body be kept blameless at the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ. (1 Thessalonians 5:23 ESV)
  • To this end we always pray for you, that our God may make you worthy of his calling and may fulfill every resolve for good and every work of faith by his power, (2 Thessalonians 1:11)

Perseverance

  • As for you, brothers, do not grow weary in doing good. (2 Thessalonians 3:13)

Prayer

  • You also must help us by prayer, so that many will give thanks on our behalf for the blessing granted us through the prayers of many. (2Co 1:11 ESV)
  • But let him ask in faith, with no doubting, for the one who doubts is like a wave of the sea that is driven and tossed by the wind. For that person must not suppose that he will receive anything from the Lord; (James 1:6-7 ESV)
  • You ask and do not receive, because you ask wrongly, to spend it on your passions. (James 4:3 ESV)
  • Therefore, confess your sins to one another and pray for one another, that you may be healed. The prayer of a righteous person has great power as it is working. (James 5:16 ESV)

Resurrection

  • Now if Christ is proclaimed as raised from the dead, how can some of you say that there is no resurrection of the dead? But if there is no resurrection of the dead, then not even Christ has been raised. (1Co 15:12-13 ESV)
  • So is it with the resurrection of the dead. What is sown is perishable; what is raised is imperishable. It is sown in dishonor; it is raised in glory. It is sown in weakness; it is raised in power. It is sown a natural body; it is raised a spiritual body. If there is a natural body, there is also a spiritual body. (1Co 15:42-44 ESV)

Salvation

  • And it is God who establishes us with you in Christ, and has anointed us, and who has also put his seal on us and given us his Spirit in our hearts as a guarantee. (2Co 1:21-22 ESV)
  • For we are the aroma of Christ to God among those who are being saved and among those who are perishing, (2Co 2:15 ESV)

Satan

  • because we wanted to come to youI, Paul, again and againbut Satan hindered us. (1 Thessalonians 2:18 ESV)
  • For this reason, when I could bear it no longer, I sent to learn about your faith, for fear that somehow the tempter had tempted you and our labor would be in vain. (1 Thessalonians 3:5 ESV)
  • The coming of the lawless one is by the activity of Satan with all power and false signs and wonders, (2 Thessalonians 2:9)
  • But the Lord is faithful. He will establish you and guard you against the evil one. (2 Thessalonians 3:3)

Separation

  • I wrote to you in my letter not to associate with sexually immoral people— not at all meaning the sexually immoral of this world, or the greedy and swindlers, or idolaters, since then you would need to go out of the world. But now I am writing to you not to associate with anyone who bears the name of brother if he is guilty of sexual immorality or greed, or is an idolater, reviler, drunkard, or swindler—not even to eat with such a one. (1Co 5:9-11 ESV)
  • Now we command you, brothers, in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, that you keep away from any brother who is walking in idleness and not in accord with the tradition that you received from us. For you yourselves know how you ought to imitate us, because we were not idle when we were with you, (2 Thessalonians 3:6-7)
  • If anyone does not obey what we say in this letter, take note of that person, and have nothing to do with him, that he may be ashamed. Do not regard him as an enemy, but warn him as a brother. (2 Thessalonians 3:14-15)

Sexual Immorality

1 Corinthians has some interesting things to say about sexual immorality. Reading between the lines, the believers in Corinth were using the freedom we have to eat meat to justify joining into the depraved culture in which they lived, which was rife with all kinds of immorality, including prostitution. Their defense of this behavior was two-pronged, "Everything is permissible for me" and "food for the stomach, and the stomach for food". Paul answers both of these in 1 Cor 6:12-13, showing that the arguments that apply to eating meats don't carry over to the realm of physical intimacy.

  • I wrote to you in my letter not to associate with sexually immoral people — not at all meaning the sexually immoral of this world, or the greedy and swindlers, or idolaters, since then you would need to go out of the world. But now I am writing to you not to associate with anyone who bears the name of brother if he is guilty of sexual immorality or greed, or is an idolater, reviler, drunkard, or swindler—not even to eat with such a one. (1Co 5:9-11 ESV)
  • "Food is meant for the stomach and the stomach for food" — and God will destroy both one and the other. The body is not meant for sexual immorality, but for the Lord, and the Lord for the body. (1Co 6:13 ESV)
  • Flee from sexual immorality. Every other sin a person commits is outside the body, but the sexually immoral person sins against his own body. (1Co 6:18 ESV)

Sin

As humans, we are inherently sinful, even after putting faith in Jesus to justify us (Gal 2:17).

  • But if, while we seek to be justified by Christ, we ourselves also are found sinners, is Christ therefore a minister of sin? Certainly not! Gal 2:17 (NKJV)
  • But the Scriptures declare that we are all prisoners of sin, so we receive God’s promise of freedom only by believing in Jesus Christ. Gal 3:22 (NLT)
  • Now the works of the flesh are evident: sexual immorality, impurity, sensuality, idolatry, sorcery, enmity, strife, jealousy, fits of anger, rivalries, dissensions, divisions, envy, drunkenness, orgies, and things like these. I warn you, as I warned you before, that those who do such things will not inherit the kingdom of God. (Galatians 5:19-21 ESV)
  • Brothers, if anyone is caught in any transgression, you who are spiritual should restore him in a spirit of gentleness. Keep watch on yourself, lest you too be tempted. (Galatians 6:1 ESV)
  • But each person is tempted when he is lured and enticed by his own desire. Then desire when it has conceived gives birth to sin, and sin when it is fully grown brings forth death. (James 1:14-15 ESV)
  • So whoever knows the right thing to do and fails to do it, for him it is sin. (James 4:17 ESV)
  • For this is the will of God, your sanctification: that you abstain from sexual immorality; that each one of you know how to control his own body in holiness and honor, not in the passion of lust like the Gentiles who do not know God; that no one transgress and wrong his brother in this matter, because the Lord is an avenger in all these things, as we told you beforehand and solemnly warned you. For God has not called us for impurity, but in holiness. Therefore whoever disregards this, disregards not man but God, who gives his Holy Spirit to you. (1 Thessalonians 4:3-8 ESV)

Spirit, Fruits of the

Fruits of the spirit are the gifts of a changed life as we put faith in Christ and follow Jesus. These are the outward evidence of our faith, as evidenced by Paul's joy when he sent Timothy to the churches in Thessalonica to see whether they had kept the faith or not, and he came back reporting about their "faith and love".

  • But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, gentleness, self-control; against such things there is no law. (Galatians 5:22-23 ESV)
  • But now that Timothy has come to us from you, and has brought us the good news of your faith and love and reported that you always remember us kindly and long to see us, as we long to see you— (1 Thessalonians 3:6 ESV)

Spirit, Growth in the

Spiritual growth and the fruits of the Spirit are every bit as much a result of faith, not works, as our justification (Gal 3:5-6)

  • I planted, Apollos watered, but God gave the growth. So neither he who plants nor he who waters is anything, but only God who gives the growth. (1Co 3:6-7 ESV)
  • Therefore He who supplies the Spirit to you and works miracles among you, does He do it by the works of the law, or by the hearing of faith? — just as Abraham "believed God, and it was accounted to him for righteousness." Gal 3:5-6 (NKJV)
  • If we live by the Spirit, let us also walk by the Spirit. (Galatians 5:25 ESV)
  • Finally, then, brothers, we ask and urge you in the Lord Jesus, that as you received from us how you ought to walk and to please God, just as you are doing, that you do so more and more. (1 Thessalonians 4:1 ESV)

Suffering

God is glorified through our suffering as He comforts us, and then we comfort others. It also helps us to learn to rely on God, not on ourselves, "But that was to make us rely not on ourselves but on God who raises the dead."

  • who comforts us in all our affliction, so that we may be able to comfort those who are in any affliction, with the comfort with which we ourselves are comforted by God. For as we share abundantly in Christ's sufferings, so through Christ we share abundantly in comfort too. If we are afflicted, it is for your comfort and salvation; and if we are comforted, it is for your comfort, which you experience when you patiently endure the same sufferings that we suffer. Our hope for you is unshaken, for we know that as you share in our sufferings, you will also share in our comfort. For we do not want you to be ignorant, brothers, of the affliction we experienced in Asia. For we were so utterly burdened beyond our strength that we despaired of life itself. Indeed, we felt that we had received the sentence of death. But that was to make us rely not on ourselves but on God who raises the dead. He delivered us from such a deadly peril, and he will deliver us. On him we have set our hope that he will deliver us again. (2Co 1:4-10 ESV)
  • Count it all joy, my brothers, when you meet trials of various kinds, for you know that the testing of your faith produces steadfastness. And let steadfastness have its full effect, that you may be perfect and complete, lacking in nothing. (James 1:2-4 ESV)
  • Blessed is the man who remains steadfast under trial, for when he has stood the test he will receive the crown of life, which God has promised to those who love him. (James 1:12 ESV)
  • Therefore we ourselves boast about you in the churches of God for your steadfastness and faith in all your persecutions and in the afflictions that you are enduring. (2 Thessalonians 1:4)

Trinity, The

  • You believe that God is one; you do well. Even the demons believe—and shudder! (James 2:19)

Truth

  • But the wisdom from above is first pure, then peaceable, gentle, open to reason, full of mercy and good fruits, impartial and sincere. And a harvest of righteousness is sown in peace by those who make peace. (James 3:17-18 ESV)

Ungodliness

  • Come now, you who say, "Today or tomorrow we will go into such and such a town and spend a year there and trade and make a profit"— yet you do not know what tomorrow will bring. What is your life? For you are a mist that appears for a little time and then vanishes. Instead you ought to say, "If the Lord wills, we will live and do this or that." As it is, you boast in your arrogance. All such boasting is evil. (James 4:13-16 ESV)

Women in Ministry

  • but every wife who prays or prophesies with her head uncovered dishonors her head, since it is the same as if her head were shaven. (1Co 11:5 ESV)

Work

  • And we urge you, brothers, admonish the idle, encourage the fainthearted, help the weak, be patient with them all. (1 Thessalonians 5:14)
  • For you yourselves know how you ought to imitate us, because we were not idle when we were with you, nor did we eat anyone's bread without paying for it, but with toil and labor we worked night and day, that we might not be a burden to any of you. (2 Thessalonians 3:7-8)
  • For even when we were with you, we would give you this command: If anyone is not willing to work, let him not eat. For we hear that some among you walk in idleness, not busy at work, but busybodies. Now such persons we command and encourage in the Lord Jesus Christ to do their work quietly and to earn their own living. (2 Thessalonians 3:10-12)

Works (See Faith)

Worldliness

Worldliness is a form of idolatry, hence it provoking God's jealousy (Jas 4:5). There is a misconception among Christians that worldliness is identifying in some measure to the culture around you. It is, in fact, setting your affection on the temporal things in this world at the expense of setting your affections on God.

  • Religion that is pure and undefiled before God, the Father, is this: to visit orphans and widows in their affliction, and to keep oneself unstained from the world. (James 1:27)
  • You adulterous people! Do you not know that friendship with the world is enmity with God? Therefore whoever wishes to be a friend of the world makes himself an enemy of God. Or do you suppose it is to no purpose that the Scripture says, "He yearns jealously over the spirit that he has made to dwell in us"? (James 4:4-5 ESV)
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